Environmental Restoration (ER) Program Area 

The objective of this Statement of Need (SON) was to develop an improved understanding of the process influencing the effectiveness and fate of particulate amendments for in situ treatment of impacted in groundwater, including per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) and chlorinated volatile organic compounds (CVOCs). Specifically, the goal was to address the following research needs:

  • Improve the understanding of the distribution of particulate amendments in heterogeneous aquifers and the efficacy of methods to improve distribution.
  • Assess the long-term adsorptive capacity of the amendments and the factors that may influence this capacity.
  • Determine the extent to which chemicals adsorb to the amendments are biodegraded and the influence of chemical, geochemical and microbiological factors on biodegradation kinetics and extent.
  • Elucidate the long-term adsorption capacity and potential for re-release of chemicals over time.
  • Determine the potential detrimental effects of these amendments.
  • Evaluate the extent to which these amendments influence back-diffusion of CVOCs.

The projects listed below were selected to address the objectives of this SON. Additional information on individual projects will be available soon.

Research should lead to improved site management, specifically for groundwater sites impacted by CVOCs or PFAS, by improving tools and guidance for applying commercially available amendments at Department of Defense (DoD) sites. The resulting tools and understanding should improve the ability to implement effective remedial strategies at DoD sites.