The DoD has been performing investigations to determine the extent of PFAS impact across its portfolio of sites. During the course of these investigations, large quantities of investigation-derived waste (IDW) are being generated. Current methods dictate landfilling of these wastes, but the preference is for destructive technologies to minimize potential future environmental liability. Incineration of all IDW, however, is both costly and poses additional transportation requirements. Thus, SERDP and ESTCP have been investigating alternative innovative technologies that would permit unrestricted disposal, discharge, and/or reuse of IDW on-site.