ESTCP relies on the technical skills offered by the participating Services and Agencies to assist in the technical aspects of program development, project selection and monitoring, and technology transfer.

 For each of the five technology program areas, an ESTCP Technical Committee (ETC) assists in identifying solicitation topics, reviews technical proposals, and formulates and recommends the annual program plan. Each committee conducts technical reviews of the ongoing projects and facilitates technology transfer according to the needs of the users in the field.

 ETC members represent the Services and service engineering centers. They bring a wealth of understanding of the needs of their organizations and also knowledge of related completed or ongoing research efforts. This knowledge helps ESTCP avoid duplication of effort and promotes joint and cooperative funding of projects.

 Many members of the ETC are also members of the SERDP Technical Committees. This relationship fosters communication between the Programs and promotes technology transfer.